The beginner’s guide to goal setting
When I speak publicly, I often ask how many people believe in the power of written goals. Every hand shoots up. Yet when I ask how many of them have written goals for this year, very few hands go up.
This always surprises me, given the fact most people know intuitively that those who write their goals down accomplish significantly more than those who do not write their goals.
Some of this, I suppose, is just inertia. But from years as a corporate executive and now as a mentor, coach, and occasional consultant, I know that most people have just never been taught how to write effective goals.
With that in mind, I wanted to offer a basic goal-setting primer. You can find plenty of advice online, but these are the five principles I follow in my own practice:
1. Keep them few in number
Productivity studies show that you really can’t focus on more than 5—7 items at any one time. And don’t try to cheat by including sections with several goals under each section. This is a recipe for losing focus and accomplishing very little. Instead, focus on a handful of goals that you can repeat almost from memory.
2. Make them “SMART”
This is an acronym, as you probably know, and it is interpreted in various ways by different teachers. When I refer to smart goals, I mean this. Goals must meet five criteria. They must be:
Specific — your goals must identify exactly what you want to accomplish in as much specificity as you can muster.
Bad: Write a book.
Good: Write a book proposal for The Life Plan Manifesto.
Measurable — as the old adage says, “you can’t manage what you can’t measure.” If possible, try to quantify the result. You want to know absolutely, positively whether or not you hit the goal.
Bad: “Earn more this year than last.”
Good: “Earn $5,000 more this year than last.”
Actionable — every goal should start with an action verb (e.g., “quit”, “run”, “finish”, “eliminate”, etc.) rather than a to-be verb (e.g., “am,” “be,” “have,” etc.)
Bad: Be more consistent in blogging.
Good: Write two blog posts per week.
Realistic — you have to be careful here. A good goal should stretch you, but you have to add a dose of common sense. I go right up to the edge of my comfort zone and then step over it. (If I am not out of my comfort zone, I’m not thinking big enough.)
Bad: Qualify for the PGA Tour.
Good: Lower my golf handicap by four strokes.
Time-bound — every goal needs a date associated with it. When do you plan to deliver on that goal? It could be by year-end (December 31) or it could be more near-term (September 30). A goal without a date is just a dream. Make sure that every goal ends with a “by when” date.
Bad: Lose 20 pounds.
Good: Lose 20 pounds by December 31st.
3. Write them down
This is critical. There is a huge power in writing your goals down even if you never develop an action plan or do anything else (not recommended). Henriette Anne Klauser documents this in her fascinating book, Write It Down and Make It Happen. When you write something down, you are stating your intention and setting things in motion.
Review them frequently. While writing your goals down is a powerful exercise in itself, the real juice is in reviewing them on a regular basis. This is what turns them into reality. Every time I review my goals, I ask myself, What’s the next step I need to take to move toward this goal. You can review them daily, weekly, or monthly. (I review them weekly.) It’s up to you. The key is to let them inspire and populate your daily task list.
Share them selectively. I used to advise people to “go public” with their goals — even blog about them. But in his 2010 TED talk, Derek Sivers makes the compelling case that telling someone your goals makes them less likely to happen. Now I counsel people not to share them with anyone who is not committed to helping you achieve them (e.g., your mentor, mastermind group, or business partner).
The practice of goal-setting is not just helpful; it is a prerequisite for happiness. Psychologists tell us that people who make consistent progress toward meaningful goals live happier more satisfied lives than those who don’t.
If you don’t have written goals, let me encourage you to make an appointment on your calendar to work on them. You can get a rough draft done in as little as an hour or two. Few things in life pay such rich dividends for such a modest investment.
Photo: Flickr / jennaddenda CC BY 2.0